BORDER SECURITY FORCE
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
INTRODUCTION OF PUNJAB FRONTIER BSF
Border Security Force was raised in 1st Dec 1965 as the first line of defence to guard Western and Eastern Frontiers of India. The Western Frontier was initially comprised of Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujrat. Few selected Armed Police Battalions such as Punjab armed police, Rajasthan armed constabulary and Madhaya Pradesh State Armed Force were embodied to form the nucleus of Border Security Force. The newly embodied units were deployed on the International Borders of Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat state. Headquarters of the Western Frontier of BSF was located at Jalandhar, Punjab. The first Inspector General of the newly created Western Frontier was Sh Ashwani Kumar, IP.
The Western Frontier was further bifurcated into Punjab and R&G Frontiers. This Frontier has been commanded by following IsG till date.
a) Sh Ashwani Kumar, IP
b) Sh Ranjit Singh, IPS
c) Sh Birbal Nath, IPS
d) Sh C K Sawhney, IPS
e) Sh O P Bhutani, IPS
f) Sh J K Balani, IPS
g) Sh B K Tripathi , IPS
h) Sh H K Bhatnagar, IPS
i) Sh Prakash Singh, IPS
j) Sh S N Mishra , IPS
k) Sh P C Dogra , IPS
l) Sh T Correya, IPS
m) Sh A S Aulakh, IPS
n) Sh Dalip Trivedi, IPS
o) Sh S N Jain, IPS
p) Sh G S Gill, IPS
q) Sh. R. S Dalal, IPS
r) Sh Arvind Ranjan, IPS
s) Sh Himmat Singh, IPS
t) Sh Aditya Mishra, IPS
u) Sh Ajay Kumar Tomar, IPS
v) Sh Ashok kumar, IPS
The first Sector of Punjab Frontier was raised on 1st Dec 1965 with its HQ at Jalandhar. 10 Battalions of PAP which were embodied into BSF were deployed on International Border of Punjab w.e.f 2nd Oct 1966.
The gallant Officers and men of this Frontier participated in 1971 war with Pakistan and gave a glorious account of courage, valour and sacrifice. By dauntless courage and bravery, they captured 08 Border Out Posts and occupied 91 Sq Miles of Pak territory including 06 villages on its own. BSF fought shoulder to shoulder with Indian Army and captured 34 BOPs and occupied 246.75 Sq Miles of Pak territory besides seizure of large quantity of arms and amn. The daring and brave acts of the BSF officers and men were highly appreciated by the than Prime Minister Late Smt Indira Gandhi, senior Officers of Defence Services and the grateful nation. The Govt of India honoured the gallant officers and men of BSF with Medals for gallantry in recognition of their acts of valour and sacrifice in the service of the nation. The list of proud winner of gallantry Medals is mentioned below:-
The area of responsibility of the Punjab Frontier is generally plain. However at many places the terrain is interspersed with rivers and canals. The major rivers flowing through the border areas are Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, thereby a large chunk of the border belt is riverine in nature.
THE OPERTATIONAL AND LOGISTIC ASSETS OF PUNJAB FRONTIER
To meet the exigencies of the operational and logistic commitments, following assets have been placed at the disposal of Punjab Frontier:-
SUBSIDIARY TRAINING CENTRE OF BSF
A state of art subsidiary training centre has been established in Punjab to meet the current and futuristic training needs of BSF. The subsidiary training centre is responsible for imparting basic training to the recruits besides running various courses and cadres.
For effectively guarding riverine areas, the Water Wing was created with its HQ at Jalandhar. Water Wing assists BSF troops in negotiating rivers, creeks and streams. Water Wing actively participates in disaster management. Water Wing also plays a crucial role in border domination efforts of Border Security Force. The Water Wing staff has earned the prestigious President’s police Medal for life saving for their daring actions during natural calamities. Water Wing is also imparting training to GD personnel in swimming, rowing and boat handling.
Large tracts of the International border of this frontier are covered with thick Elephant Grass (Sarkanda). The tall and thick Elephant Grass hinders visibility and negotiability in the border areas. To overcome this problem, a Mounted Wing was raised during Jan 1967. Since then, this Wing had been actively involved in border domination. This Wing had also participated in various National and International events and has won many laurels and medals.
Punjab border has always been favorite target for infiltration of terrorists, Arms, Ammunition and Contraband goods from across the border. To overcome this problem, a fence was erected on India’s border with Pakistan, to check cross border terrorists movement. This border fencing has been illuminated with border fencing lights (BFL) so that complete border of Punjab is illuminated throughout the night and trans-border activities are kept under watch.